5 A’s of Food Security
From Ryerson University
Accessibility – physical and economic access to food for all at all times
Availability – sufficient food for all people at all times everywhere
Acceptability/Appropriateness – access to culturally acceptable food, which is produced and obtained in ways that do not compromise people’s dignity, human rights or self-respect
Adequacy – access to food that is nutritious and safe, and produced in environmentally sustainable ways
Agency – the policies and processes that enable the achievement of food security
from Via Campesina
- Food as a Basic Human Right
Everyone must have access to safe, nutritious and culturally appropriate food in a suffficient quantity and quality to sustain a healthy life with full human dignity. Each nation should declare that access to food is a constitutional right and guarantee development of the primary sector to ensure the concrete realization of this fundamental right.
- Agrarian Reform
A genunie agrarian reform is necessary which gives landless and farming people – especially women – ownership and control over the land they work and returns territories to indigenous peoples.
- Protecting Natural Resources
Ensures ustainable care and use of natural resources, especially land, water, seeds, and livestock breeds. Includs the right to conserve biodiversity free of restrictive intellectual property rights.
- Reorganizing Food Trade
Food is the first and foremost a source of nutrition and only secondarily an item of trade. National food self-sufficiency must be prioritized through agricultural policies for domestic consumption.
- Ending the Globalization of Hunger
Food sovereignty is undermined by multilateral institutions and speculative capital. An enforced code of conduct for Transnational Corporations is needed.
- Social Peace
Everyone has the right to be free from violence. Food must not be used as a weapon. Ongoing displacement, forced urbanization, oppression and increasing incidence of racism against smallholder farmers must not be tolerated.
- Democratic Control
Small holder farmers must have direct input into formulating agricultural policies at all levels. The UN and other related organizations will have to undergo a process of democratization to enable this to become a reality. Rural women, in particular, must be granted direct and active decision-making on food and rural issues.